Qualitative Properties of Steady-State Poisson-Nernst-Planck Systems: Mathematical Study

By: J.-H. Park and J.W. Jerome

We examine qualitative properties of solutions of self-consistent Poisson-Nernst-Planck (PNP) systems, including uniqueness. In the case of vanishing permanent charge, the predominant case studied, our results unveil a rich structure inherent in these systems, one that is determined by the boundary conditions and the signs of the oppositely charged carrier fluxes. A particularly significant special case, that of simple boundary conditions, is shown to lead to uniqueness, and to a complete characterization. This case underlies the more complicated cases studied later. A contraction mapping principle is included for completeness, and allows for an arbitrary permanent charge distribution.
This paper has appeared: SIAM J. Appl. Math. 57 (1997), 609--630. This paper can be viewed in the following format: